Science and Training for Adventures
My work in extreme physiology, also called environmental physiology, is the study of the human body in extremes in environment: cold, heat, altitude, immersion, high G-forces, injury states, micro-gravity, environmental forensics, Military maneuvers, exercise, high and low air pressures (hypobarics and hyperbarics) - how to survive and perform better in these environments and other work which funding sources have gone out of their way to meticulously ignore. As a child, I sat in the snow watching my father and grandfather walk barefoot over ice and snow to go ocean swimming every day. My grandfather was the oldest member of "The Icebergs" ice swimming club.
Scroll down for rare photos and free articles about it all from high to low. Don't miss the Dancing Penguin bio link at the end. Keep scrolling and reading.
Site Map at the bottom of this page for links to the rest of my large fun web site.
Fixing Injury and Pain Research
Functional Exercise, Better Biomechanics, and Top Training
My career as research physiologist took me to military, university, and training centers from undersea to mountaintop to jet cockpit. I was given the toughest assignments to find why common training and rehabilitation methods don't work, and what does. Strong brave men got hazardous duty pay just to have a day with me. Methods I developed are now learned in school by doctors, trainers, physical therapists, Navy divers, chamber operators, combat swimmers, police and military, and top athletes. Doctors and fitness instructors come to me as patients to find out why they have back and other pain and what to do about it. I pioneered functional fitness training. Click here for more on Functional Training. Click here for Appointment Info to learn top training for yourself or your groups. I was the first to develop fitness programs aboard cruise ships, and was told it would "never catch on" - photos and stories below, keep scrolling.
"It seems the movie heroine Laura Croft, played by Angelina Jolie, was created based on you.
In case you didn't see it, think of a female Indiana Jones."
- Karen Kukurin, Los Angeles
Dr. Bookspan's Academy of Functional Exercise Medicine - The Fixa U (tm)
- Not all exercise is medicine. Not all medicine is healthy. We change that.
- World health programs, green fitness, no-cost preventive medicine, innovations in training for people and communities, certifications, Fellow program, more.
The Fitness Fixer
My Former Column of nearly 800 articles, plus Twitter
When Medicine and FItness Aren't Healthy, We Fix It, and Boy Do They Need it
For more than four years, I brought my column "The Fitness Fixer" (tm) to Healthline.com, providing close to 800 articles - not repeating what "everyone" says, but primary source research and information. My original research and innovations in improving fitness and medicine to be healthy, developed through years of study with thousands of patients and students. I developed no-cost health to people and communities to be healthier stronger happier, not through sets and reps of artificial "moves" or burning electricity for artificial gym equipment, but human-power function and healthier movement and everyday actions.
When Healthline stopped running my column in 2010, the company archived most of the articles, keeping most accessible, but removed all the movies I had made specifically for understanding the concepts, the interesting reader questions and my answers, and almost all my photos and illustrations. They also removed "label" tags which would have allowed you to click a topic label to group all the many articles about one topic together on one page. In 2012, for some reason, they cut each of the nearly 800 articles into two-page articles, but changed many of them so the end is at the beginning, with reference end-links in the introduction making many unintelligible. If you are a major Health Source who would like to run or syndicate this top column, tell me about your ideas - SyndicateTheFitnessFixer @ DrBookspan.com.
INDEX of Articles. Here is a page with almost all the Fitness Fixer links - Fitness Fixer Index.
Some Examples: Here are some of the short Fitness Fixers - I hope they are still there when you click:
PREVENTING NEED FOR SURGERY - Click this for a Fitness Fixer on Healthline on surgery.
I have found an archive of my Fitness Fixers on Blogspot, that, for now, allows my Label tag to work. Click this link to see a page with several of my Fitness Fixer articles on the topic of surgery, with some of the photos and comments intact. Let me know if this still works: http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/surgery
AGING - Don't limit the person to limit the pain.
You can do more, not less. Click healthy aging starts now.
Here is the Blogspot archive of several aging articles together: http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/aging
MILITARY FITNESS - Click here for article on Extending the Envelope of Military Fitness.
Here is a collection of several articles helping Military Fitness - http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/military%20fitness
MARTIAL ARTS training and medicine - Is Bad Martial Arts Good Exercise?
Here is the Blogspot archive of several articles on improving martial arts - http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/martial%20artsLORDOSIS and HYPERLORDOSIS - Here is an archive on Blogspot that, for now, allows my Label tag to work and show several articles on the topic. Even shows some photos. Let me know if this still works:
DISC INJURY AND RECOVERY - Discs Heal.
The Blogspot collection of helpful Fitness Fixers on understanding and fixing discs - http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/disc.FACET Joint, SI and mystery Lower back pain.Here is the archive on Blogspot that, for now, displays a page with several articles about Facet and S.I. Joint Pain, even shows some photos. Let me know if this still works:
SPRAINS and ANKLE HEALTH - Here is my Fitness Fixer on Healthline about Sprains.SITTING WITHOUT BACK PAIN and in healthy ways: Let me know if this archive on Blogspot still shows a collection of my Fitness Fixers on Sitting, and if you can see the photos: http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/sitting
FUNCTIONAL BALANCE TRAINING - Balance.
SHOES and BAREFOOT - the hype and the facts: http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/shoes
SOME OF THE FIRST MOTION CAPTURE STUDIES - Rocky Movie Computer Fight Simulation. My small contribution.
PARCOURS - I taught Parcours/ Free running in the 1980s (sorry the company took off all my photos) - Parcours - Old Fun Is New Exercise.
NUTRITION, organic food, and easy recipes: Let me know if this still works: http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/nutrition
Updates, quick & fun: Twitter.com/TheFitnessFixer.
Articles on Fixing Pain and Changing Fitness and Medicine to be Healthy -
Not all Exercise is Medicine
On this web site, I have put many no-charge summary articles. Many of them grew from patient handouts that doctor colleagues asked me to write to replace the ones they used.
Here are some to fix pain:
NECK painBACK pain
Fixing main causes of KNEE pain
DISC pain and sciatica
Healthier pain-free SITTING
Here are some for saner, healthier fitness:
Here is a summary of some of my many research studies on abdominal and core muscle function, why crunches and flexion-based abdominal training aren't best, and what works better: Click the Ab Syllabus
Years of lab and field research developing functional methods to fix lower limb and knee pain. See the results, including summary of one 11 year study: Click the Lower Body Revolution Syllabus.
Hamstrings. My years of laboratory research, measuring and testing hundreds of subjects, found no relation between hamstring flexibility and back pain. That finding wasn't given notice until other names in sports medicine found the same: Here's some of my research on What hamstrings Have to do with Back Pain
See my Clinical Page for more articles and ways to make life simpler and healthier.
Dr. Bookspan and eagle friend. Photo © Paul Plevakas
Diving, Hyperbarics, Altitude, and Extreme Environment Research
Since I was a child, I wanted to study science under the sea. I grew up to study decompression physiology, diving maneuvers and countermeasures for SEAL teams and combat swimmers, oxygen toxicity and exercise during submersion. I lived and worked in laboratories underwater, competed in cold water middle distance swims, taught SCUBA, studied the Ama-San diving women of Japan, and researched barometric effects on human performance. I have studied combat swimmers and done extreme swims with them for fun. For military survival protocols, we blasted pilots in ejection towers and spun them in centrifuges and other scientific thing-a-ma-bobs. I put men in vats of freezing water to see how we can keep pilots alive after bail-outs and how to get covert swimmers to their objective, and, I found out, an entire separate topic to get them back again.
As a SCUBA instructor and hyperbaric researcher working (for no pay, for the greater good) at an underwater lab studying saturation decompression, we opened valves of full scuba tanks and rode them underwater and at the surface like bucking broncos. I studied thermal and decompression protocols with the top developers of computer-modeled cold prediction programming of the day. We made rebreathers out of hot water bottles. We rode bikes underwater.
I found a bubble component to altitude sickness - back in the 1980s and 1990s.
I wrote my own grant to get the study, and used Doppler ultrasound to detect and score decompression bubbles developed in the bloodstream during altitude exposure during actual flights. A friend pilot flew us in a Comanche. I Dopplered us both during several flights. Before my work, bubbles were assumed to occur only after ascent from underwater to surface. Altitude sickness was assumed to be from hypoxia. I found bubbles when going to altitude from sea level.
With this "pilot" data, I did grant work to study bubbles in human subjects using a hypobaric chamber (altitude chamber) to simulate specific altitudes and at specific speeds of ascent.
I reported my findings to the US Navy where I worked as researcher. They did not like it at all because it would fix some errors and the US Navy has no errors. I published some declassified info in articles for dive and wilderness medicine magazines.
Before digital cameras you took a few snaps then waited to develop the film to see what you took. We are in flight. I am removing a precordial (chest) monitor from myself. The lab reversed the print, making it look like I sat left seat (pilot). Funny.
How could we forget the best of the best? Thanks for all your years of service."
- National Association of SCUBA Instructors (NAUI Worldwide) Training Department
Some Articles on SCUBA, Hyperbarics, Extreme Environments from my column, The Fitness Fixer.
The Fitness Fixer on Healthline - almost 800 total articles. As explained above, Healthline ended my column in 2010 and removed most photos, all movies, reader comments, and more. I hope these still load, let me know:
SCUBA diving science and medicine. Click for my short and quick articles on scuba on Fitness Fixer (Healthline removed my labels that accessed all articles by topic, so start with the above linked article and links on that page. Also this one) I may have found one archive allowing the "label" to work - click this for most of the SCUBA articles together- http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/scuba
BREATHHOLD DIVING - I found a Blogspot archive letting the "label tag" work to group most of the breath hold articles together - http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/breath-hold%20diving
HYPERBARIC science and medicine - hyperbarics.
SWIMMING science and medicine - swimming.
PULMONARY EDEMA/OEDEMA science and medicine -pulmonary edema.
COLD science and medicine - cold.
HEAT science and medicine - exercise in the heat.
AEROSPACE science and medicine - aerospace. A Blogspot archive of many of the articles together: http://healthlinefitnessfixer.blogspot.com/search/label/aerospace
ALTITUDE science and medicine - altitude.
g-FORCE and ACCELERATION science - g-forces.
MARTIAL ARTS - I recently found a Blogspot archive where my "label tag" works to group many articles on one page, some even with original photos. Have fun checking around this great resource: martial artsFORENSIC science and medicine - forensics.
I am Science Officer for the Vidocq Society (I'm "The Spock of Vidocq").
A bit about this international cold case think-tank, only allowing 82 full members - www.Vidocq.org. I was honored when they told me that when Vidocq has a case involving severe environment (aviation / cold, etc.) I am called in and they say, "She's the Man!" For books about us, see The Murder Room, The Girl With the Crooked Nose, and other creepy true forensics books on my BOOKS page.
Photo below - my favorite lab partner for some of my work studying long exposures to heat at elevation.
Physicians who want a handy review and summary of all hyperbaric medicine, and to prepare for board exams in hyperbarics, can try my book Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine Review For Physicians
Chamber techs and nurses saw the physicians book and asked for their own separate edition to prepare for certification and know their stuff - Hyperbaric Medical Review For Board Certification Exams, CHT/CHRN.
See all - on the BOOKS page of this web site.
In the photo below taken just before they sealed the hatch, I am in a hyperbaric chamber, hair tightly pulled back for being tested on intubation and I.V. skills during one of the first certification courses in Hyperbaric Chamber Operations. A long time ago with Dick Rutkowski's Hyperbarics International.
I Test On HumansNo non-human animals are hurt in my work, or used at all (except those wanting to play fetch or sit in my lab coat pockets munching seeds). I have lost grants and been turned down by medical schools of my choice for my work advancing knowledge directly applicable to humans (not testing on animals). Healthy Green Medicine.Public Education:I am working on a public education program to educate about diving and hyperbarics. Watch this space. Qualified practitioners are invited to apply to contribute in their specialty.
Rare Photos of Dr. Bookspan's Work
I am private and spent a career keeping personal information out of print. Finally, here are a few moments to share:
with Doppler ultrasound to detect decompression bubbles, and other medical checks after dives to film his television show about scuba diving.
Experts in several areas of diving joined the show to explain the underwater world as he dived and explored it. I was his personal medical expert (this show was filmed before his horse riding accident). The show never aired but we did great things.
I had been in a paralyzing accident (more about that here) and my crutches, scars, and body metal bothered them. We did all possible to hide them.
Invited to Dinner by physicist Dr. Edward Teller
at a scientific conference.
Regardless of politics, his enormous intellect and wit are undisputed. He told me the inside scoop on why the public record of his interactions with Oppenheimer was untrue.
When we first met at the conference, he first scowled at me and asked in his deep voiced Hungarian accent, "Vat do yoo know about rrradiation?" My heart sank. My chance to talk to this great physicist and he asks something out of my area. I stammered, "Nothing... Sir..."
We talked rapid-fire about medical isotopes, his family, radiation, injuries (he lost a leg in a train accident as a student) and his passion and knowledge of hyperbaric medicine. He quizzed me non-stop on all topics until he furrowed his bushy eyebrows and roared, "You LIED to me - you said you know nothing ... but you know - EVVERRRYthing."
First Dr. Teller quizzed me.
When I passed his tests, he invited me to dinner.
Equations With The Great Dr. Ed Lanphier (Edward Howell Lanphier, M.D.)
in his home in Wisconsin.
Dr. Lanphier asked me to live at their house with him and his wife (Mom Lanphier) in Wisconsin in the dead of winter to work on several studies. Dr. Lanphier was a renowned pioneer in diving physiology and medicine, initiating many top US Navy diving medicine studies. He had been very (very) ill. I was told that when he needed someone to finish his work, he sat up unexpectedly in his hospital bed and said, "Get me Bookspan."
The heavy body braces I had to wear after my paralyzing accident, were evident even under my thick sweaters. (I'm debating with myself to upload the ugly photos of lying paralyzed looking like spaghetti. I was told back then that I would never recover. Click Here for a glimpse). Often I worked lying on the floor - the bracing did not bend for chairs. It did not bother Lanphier, even when others were not hiring.
As we worked, he and his wife got better. Instead my only finishing his life's work, we were able to do new work. His knowledge was vast. No matter what topic I asked him about, he had been involved in it in some way, even the first liquid breathing studies. It led me to always say, "All roads lead to Lanphier."
at UPenn's Institute for Environmental Medicine (IFEM). I hand-reduced the data for his famous Predictive Studies Series. He believed direct capture of physiologic parameters superior to automating, and I tracked every data point straight from strip chart recordings, intimately learning study results for each subject.
Dr. Lambertsen developed the United States Navy's rebreathers in the 1940s for underwater warfare, including the first oxygen rebreather, the Lambertsen Amphibious Respiratory Unit (LARU), and was a pioneer in undersea medicine.
I also worked on Dr. Steve Thom's pioneering carbon monoxide studies and was on the Advisory and Review Board for the Specialized Center of Research (SCOR) grant to investigate a number of areas in oxidative stress and hyperbaric medicine, headed by Dr. Thom.
in Saturation Habitats.
Since I was a small child, I wanted to work underwater. I designed ocean habitats and underwater laboratories for school projects and was told there was no such thing.
In the first photo that should appear at right, I am entering the dry habitat from the ocean below through the bottom hatch. I'm wearing a long surface supply hose plus a small 'pony' tank. I wore blue jeans for diving. Easy to get work done underwater and on land without changing.
In the 2nd photo, I am also deep underwater inside the habitat lab. A reporter who came to "get a story" about the lab demanded that, since I am an underwater research scientist, I use a microscope while in the habitat underwater. No explanations convinced her that my work as a human physiologist doesn't use one. I could barely remember from school how to turn it on. She insisted that I hunch over it to look intensely involved.
My actual work was not mentioned in the news story.
I did find out about exploding toilets. That story is on the site of my former column, The Fitness Fixer (so far the company hasn't taken it down). Click to leave this site and go to Healthline to read about my work Living Under The Sea.
For Lama Tenzin, Senior Monk and Principal of the Tibetan Medical School in the remote region of Lo Monthan.
The kind Lama allowed physical contact for his learning, teaching me techniques in exchange.Kali-shoo!
Pioneered Fitness on Cruise Ships
They said it would "never catch on."
Back then, people didn't exercise on vacation. I developed the program and taught exercise on ships in the early 1980s with the first onboard Parcours (free running all over the ship), yoga on the swaying decks (good for balance training), scuba and snorkeling, stretching at sunrise and sunset, aerobics in best 80s legwarmer style, dance, calisthenics, nutrition, many programs all day for all ages in several languages.
I didn't get royalties on my programs but loved being out to sea.
Few people owned cameras back then. Passengers sent me a few snaps that I am starting to scan and put here
I got sun while stretching, old fashioned, on top deck.
I swabbed the decks, the toilets, the dirtiest of bilges.
Good hard work in the hard salt air. The photo at right was sort of a joke as they didn't let us swabbies take the helm. After the photo, I went back to polishing the brass.
I carried loads to ship when we docked in ports for provisions each 2 weeks. We slept stacked on litters 4 high. We worked 6am to midnight, 7 days a week. In between, I studied for my 100 ton licence and dreamed about jellyfish. We sailed exclusively in the Devil's Triangle.
I am the one on the left. Hard work in searing sun and salt scrubbed me golden. Fellow navigator at right.
Anatomy & Physiology Professor in Mexico
at a college to licence teachers.
I think the entrance exam was getting up the mountain to school without a nosebleed.
I had been living in Mexico teaching scuba and working with locals to start their own gym - more photos here. I mortared and hammered to build the place itself and taught how to teach classes. I worked until my Spanish was good enough to apply and be accepted as Professor at the University level, living and teaching entirely in Spanish.
Many many funny stories. Ask me about them when you come to take my classes sometime
Can you see me? First row with students (in neat uniforms). Fellow professor at left.
Martial Arts With the Fighting Horseback Muay Thai Monks and the Shaolin Monks
I am a 4th degree Black Belt in Shotokan karate.
The pioneers and Masters were my teachers, including Teruyuki OkazakiSan, who learned from the founders. We were later honored to study in Japan.
Our dojo (training hall) in Philadelphia is pictured at right. I am first on left, then Paul Sensei (Sensei means teacher in this context), who makes a fun optical illusion that we are all short. Then our students in order of rank.
I did years of painful rehab after my paralyzing accident (not martial arts related) using my own methods while all around me said I was unreasonable not to accept I would never stand or walk. I started over as a white belt, training for years until earning the black belt a second time.
Paul and I are at the Shaolin Temple (Shaolin Monastery) near Zhengzhou in China. We were glad to attend before it was popular with foreign tourists and before they had a cushy hotel there.
From there, we traveled to the Chen Village, birthplace of Tai Chi, to study from the source. It was a poor backwater with open sewers, requiring a bone crunching trip by 4 wheel drive vehicle. More photos and stories of this to come. Check back here, or with me.
I trained Muay Thai in The Netherlands and then Thailand, fighting in the ring there. A little about Muay Thai kickboxing classes I taught at Temple University is here.
Years later we traveled on our own to the far northern Thai-Burmese border to the Muay Thai Monks on Horseback. They fight drug lords with education and strength. The Monk (Abbot), the Kru Ba, is on horseback. Paul is the tall one in yellow. I am in purple second from right. We stayed with our friend Kunyai (Grandmother) Tiem Pon, pictured first on right. The famous monk is her nephew.
Story is on my web site Kickboxingf Syllabus- Muay Thai Monks on Horseback.
The young monks (nen) thought it was hilarious that my hair is the same color as their Abbot's horse mane. For some, it was the first time they laughed since their families were murdered in border drug wars.
Martial Arts In Japan With The Living Treasures
We lived in Japan to study Martial Arts.
I found work at a medical school and arranged for us to stay with a family we had helped when they were in the US. We did long formal paperwork to be approved to train Shotokan officially. We packed language books and our Gis (dojo uniforms), and moved. Eleven days later, the family could no longer host us, and we were instantly standing in the street in a suburb of Tokyo, suddenly needing to speak more Japanese than medical words and Karate.
Back then, foreigners were usually not rented to, except in special foreigner enclaves, but we managed to get a rare apartment in Tokyo. We passed a small dojo and made brave to go in. We thought we could stay in the back unnoticed. It was a style we had never done - Goju-Ryu, The teacher said "You! You! - HERE!" We had to go up front and prove ourselves. The kind teacher made room for us in his class. After a summer of work, invited us to their training camp (gasshuku) at Mt Fuji. We already had other plans, but changed every ticket to make sure we arrived when and where they said. We got to live and train with Morio Higaonna Sensei, who since then is honored as an Intangible Cultural Treasure.
Worked extra to study Shiatsu there. The Namikoshi Shiatsu school, one of our training schools, has two statues; one of Tokujiro Namikoshi, the inventor of Shiatsu and founder of the school holding two thumbs up, and a second statue of a single thumb. We told the Japanese that in English, "all thumbs" means clumsy, but I don't think they believed us.
there not... Two points in the adventure of the diver:
Dr. Jolie Bookspan lived and dived with
the Ama of Japan
(click the dancing penguin to see who Dr. Bookspan is)
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